- On Capitol Hill
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- Policy Reform Work
Our projects are designed to empower policy makers to create positive change. With a focus on collaboration and outreach, we provide original, standards-based research on key policy issues.
SCEPA joined with the Economic Policy Institute on Capitol Hill to brief congressional staff and policy experts on tax expenditures, or incentives given through the tax code without scrutiny by Congress.
SCEPA economists are working on the prospects for a more progressive economic order to emerge from the shock of the recession. They have published papers and documents that place current events in a longer-term context as well as policy proposals to deal with short-term concerns. They are also documenting the emerging discussion of how the discipline of economics is reacting to the Great Recession and the questioning of conventional economic analysis.
Lance Taylor, a SCEPA Faculty Fellow, presents an overview of his new book, Maynard’s Revenge, in a Google Tech Talk.
The book, published this November by Harvard University Press, is a timely analysis of mainstream macroeconomics, posing the need for a more useful and realistic economic analysis that can provide a better understanding of the ongoing global financial and economic crisis.
The government spends $143 billion through tax breaks in an effort to expand pension coverage and security. Yet, over half of the American workforce does not have a pension. Retirement insecurity hurts business plans, workers’ lives and retiree well-being. Reform is needed.
SCEPA’s Guaranteeing Retirement Income Project, sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation and in collaboration with Demos and the Economic Policy Institute, has a plan to guarantee safe and secure retirement income for all Americans.
In response to today's release of the unemployment numbers for November, SCEPA Director Teresa Ghilarducci and Faculty Fellow Rick McGahey published an op-ed in the Washington Post's Outlook section, "5 Myths about the Unemployed."
With the current debate surrounding the upcoming 'fiscal cliff, "let's take a look at the misconceptions that often arise when the unemployed take center stage in Washington...
1. People who receive unemployment benefits are slow to search for work.
2. Americans without jobs are hurt by immigrant labor.
3. Older workers are clinging to their jobs, hurting jobless younger Americans.
4. Onerous regulations cause jobs to disappear.
5. Discouraged workers drop out of the labor force and never return.
We are stuck in a slow recovery. Congress needs to extend emergency benefits again, but most important, it needs to enact more economic stimulus to help create jobs that will drive down our excessively high unemployment rates."
by Rick McGahey, SCEPA Faculty Fellow
This morning's release of the November employment report shows a slow, steady trend of improvement, although not fast enough to indicate robust economic growth. The unemployment rate tracked down from 7.9 to 7.7 percent, while total job creation in the month was 146,000, very close to the average this year of 151,000 jobs added per month, and almost exactly the average monthly gain in 2011. Meanwhile, employment gains for September and October were revised downward by a total of 50,000 jobs.
It must be repeated that this is an anemic level of job growth; we need more job-creating policies. According to the Atlanta Federal Reserve's jobs calculator, it will take five years to get us to 6 percent unemployment at this level of job growth. The private market is simply not creating jobs fast enough to lift the economy out of stagnation, and government action is needed.
With long-term unemployment (those out of work for more than 27 weeks) hovering at close to 5 million people, it might seem obvious that we need to extend unemployment insurance and create more jobs. But many policy makers and commentators are mired in myths about unemployment, and actually advocate cutting support to those out of work. (For more on unemployment, see the piece by Teresa Ghilarducci and me in this weekend's Washington Post's "Outlook" section, "Five Myths About the Unemployed.")
Faced with economic stagnation, what is the main topic in Washington? The "fiscal cliff," a badly chosen name for the simultaneous expiration at year's end of three distinct policies: (1) the Bush tax cuts; (2) stimulus measures such as the payroll tax holiday and emergency measures to help the unemployed, including extended unemployment insurance; and (3) cuts in discretionary spending put in place as part of the deal in 2011 to raise the debt ceiling.
After campaigning strenuously against the federal deficit and government spending, Republicans and other so-called "deficit hawks" have suddenly become Keynesians—that is, they now fear that raising taxes and cutting government spending will reduce demand and slow the economy, with some fears that the weak economy could again tip into recession. In November, the Congressional Budget Office warned that if all of the elements of the fiscal cliff go into effect, real GDP in 2013 would fall by 0.5 percent, with all of the fall concentrated in the first half of the year.
It seems straightforward that much of the fiscal restraint should be delayed in the short run, and that in fact more economic stimulus measures should be enacted. But instead, we see a narrow debate over raising tax rates for the wealthy and continuing a commitment to longer-term spending reductions. The Center for American Progress, a moderate group headed by Clinton administration veterans, released a long-term debt reduction plan that would raise more revenue than many other proposals, but still would have more spending reductions than revenue increases. Other plans, like the Congressional Progressive Caucus' "Deal for All," which protects Social Security and Medicare and calls for significantly more economic stimulus, are not getting much traction.
Some down payment on the debt is needed, and politically this is a good time to get as far as possible on higher tax rates for the wealthy, along with plugging loopholes in the tax code. But overall, we need faster economic growth and job creation, to get us moving towards full employment, as pointed out in Bob Pollin's excellent book, Back to Full Employment. There is a vigorous policy discussion on the issues Bob raises with ongoing blogging and discussion at http://backtofullemployment.org/.
Many progressive economists, including David Howell, Teresa Ghilarducci, and I, are part of this. Join in the discussion both there and here at SCEPA—the conventional wisdom in Washington is insufficient to restore prosperity for everyone.
On November 15, 2012, SCEPA Faculty Fellow and Professor Emeritus, Lance Taylor presented at the "False Dichotomies: The Ideas of Economics Against the Challenges of our Time," sponsored by the Institute for New Economic Thinking (INET) and The Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). The presentation, Accounting, Distribution, (Un?)stable Dynamics, and Fundamental Uncertainty, was part of a series that highlighted and questioned the analytical divisions embedded in economic discourse. Analysis of current economic problems requires an understanding of the fundamental distinctions between macroeconomics and microeconomics, capital markets and money markets, or developed and developing economies.