This year’s materials for the G20 Summit include a SCEPA research paper co-written by Willi Semmler, the Director of SCEPA’s Economics of Climate Change project. The paper investigates how to recover the European Union (EU)’s sense of common aims after the Covid-19 crisis to address challenges such as long-term scarring of the labor market, Climate Change, European social and health care system and sustainability of sovereign debt.
The economy-climate interaction and an appropriate mitigation policy for climate protection have been treated in various types of scientific modeling. This paper focuses on the seminal work by Nordhaus on the economy-climate link and extends that model to include optimal policies for mitigation, adaptation, and infrastructure investment studying the dynamics of the transition to a low fossil-fuel economy.
The green bond market is emerging as an impactful financing mechanism in climate change mitigation efforts. The effectiveness of the financial market for this transition to a low-carbon economy depends on attracting investors and removing financial market roadblocks.